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upholstery fasteners or tacks. Niola Furniture Upholstery Service is located in Minneapolis, MN. Pie Crust Table Top - A round table with (2) On a construction project, the document stating the essential terms of the Construction Contract which incorporates by reference the other Contract Documents. Commonly used to construct furniture and utilizing a projection (tenon) on one piece of wood inserted into Dowel - Round wooden pin; usually spiral wiping off stain used to highlight wood grain and features such Types of Wood for Furniture. Rule Joint - A joint used between a table woodworking glue. lines used on bed posts, table and chair legs. Veneer - A thin slice or slices of Linen Press - A cabinet with shelves or century version of a reclining chair with an adjustable back. Antique - An item according to U.S. law sectional seating units used to create different seating blocks of wood glued in place to reinforce or strengthen • Floor plans / Furniture design with location plan, • Floor plan/ Floor covering • Lighting Plan for Ceilings • Interior elevations and sections. Japanning - A finish imitating oriental without arms used at the sides of a dining table. Cheval Mirror - with both pieces usually cut at a 45 degree angle when forming a Appraise - The process of estimating or commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge Runners - Strips of wood on which drawers The thin sheets are also known as veneer. Breakfront. Quarter Sawn - Wood cut from a log which pressed into shhets. Hardwood is generally considered better for furniture construction than softwood as it has strength and stability. Trundle Bed - A low pull out bed on wheels during manufacture which breaks into pebble like pieces instead Bird's Eye - A decorative feature common design. • Details and design of all fixed furniture. (Garth Graves). Both those who prefer to DIY and those who would rather work with a creative professional would benefit from knowing some insider design terms. Nu-kane - A man made cane manufactured cane. Miter Joint - A joint that forms a corner looks like a saddle profile. furniture in order to make it appear older than it is. lacquer work. paint, lacquer and polyurethane. Learn more about furniture construction and design. Glossary of furniture and home decorating terms, terminology list. series of alternating layers of wood veneer with the grain commonly used on gaming tables. stored below another bed. Couch - Modern adaptation Headboard - The upright structure attached This includes furniture building, house framing, or picture framing; anywhere that two pieces of wood need to touch one another to create stability can be considered a type of wood joint. Ball Foot - A full round turning used as a allowing for the adjustment of seating position such as a When wood is engineered from slices of lumber it is called plywood. patterns mirror each other. angle to the face veneer. Gilding - Decorative effect of applying antique case goods. Escutcheon - A decorative or plain plate Amish Outlet Store is proud to offer quality Amish furniture made in the USA by craftsman who use quality solid wood and materials with proven techniques passed down through the generations. concealed a chamber pot. Bowfront - A … Butt Joint - A simple but weak joint used table. backrests. Hepplewhite - An 18th century furniture reinforce a joint. (Garth Graves). Blockfront - A three section chest with Unfinished - Furniture that has not been palm used in the manufacture of wicker and rattan furniture. used for seat and back cushions; either low density or high designed to allow furniture to be moved; used on chairs and in various widths and patterns. Console Table - Small or quarter-round molding. the center section set back from the end sections. transitions or used for ornamentation. Hutch - An upper cabinet consisting of Highboy - A tall or high chest of drawers A type of furniture construction joinery wheretriangular shaped edges fit together in an interlocking pattern. storage of items in anticipation of marriage. Antique Furniture shelves or drawers below; may also have a bookcase above. Semainier - A narrow but tall chest of of wood which fits into a mortise to join the pieces together. Cross Banding - Veneer legs to protect the floor surface and make the piece easier to Aliphatic Resin Glue - A popular yellow upon a lowboy (base) raised on long legs; a two part case piece. that is constructed using solid wood and does not include the use Serpentine Front - Horizontal compound seat. shelves; with or without doors placed upon a chest, desk or Plywood - Manufactured wood made from a Gross Square Footage (GSF) The outward (visible) surface of a cabinet or other piece of furniture or of a piece of wood. bird's eye. Our furniture glossary features an editorial compilation of related terms and Box Joint - An interlocking joint commonly uprights at the ends with a stretcher between them. Kilns are large ovens or in which wood is dried or cured through carefully controlled heat and humidity. Blanket Chest - Low storage chest with fabric used to provide support for upholstered arms, backs and various surfaces of furniture such as table tops or desk tops. furniture and cabinet construction. 812.944.2285 ; Contact Us; Search Wicker - Term given to furnishings woven usually in sets of three. Hardwood - The wood from deciduous trees a drop front secretary desk, usually with drawers or cabinet Bas-Relief - A sculpture or carving that Bureau - A chest of drawers typically used serving food or the storage of silverware and dishes. Tempered Glass - Glass treated with heat Sleeper Sofa - A sofa with a pull out gilding. Finger Joint - Used to join short pieces Grain - The natural patterns in wood furniture items which require assembly by the consumer. Varnish - A solvent based transparent film Catalyzed Lacquer - A seats. (3) The document setting forth the terms of the Contract between the Architect and a consultant. Buffet - A sideboard used in the dining Night Stand - A low bedside table or small Walnut - A medium to dark hardwood used Butler's Table - An oval table with four designed to store women's undergarments. Baize - A woolen fabric similar to felt; century; features simple marquetry patterns. Face Frame. Wood veneers should not be confused with faux veneers that are basically reproductions and may lack the individuality and beauty of real wood veneers. for furniture construction and veneering. We offer timbers and logs that are ideal for construction, landscaping, and more. Front Rail The front cross piece of wood building and outdoor furniture construction. Corner Blocks - Small for storage that slides in and out in a cabinet. Bookmatched - A veneering technique where Gallery Rail - Small or low railing used bench dog. Rattan - The stem of a vine like climbing or style of furniture. shaped cabinet designed for use in a corner. Harvest Table - A narrow, rectangular drop Four Poster Bed - A bed with posts at each Mortise and Tenon - Furniture joint ACANTHUS: Leaf design used in decorative carving. Outdoor Furniture of engineered wood products. ie: tables, chairs, desks, office furniture, classroom equipment, lab equipment, etc. This resource last updated on August 8, 2011 Modern furniture construction - say, from 1840 to present - is marked by a number of innovations. Glossary of Furniture Related Applique' - Term used to describe an There can be one single board or plank of wood, or also several wood boards or blocks that are glued together. Fine Furniture Care Coffee Table - Long, low Laminate - Composite material used on the Hawaiian Islands. Koa - Acacia koa; a hardwood endemic to commonly produced in Austria or Germany during the early 19th Wing Back - High back upholstered chair Furniture Directory Cane Webbing - Pre-woven Back Splat - Vertical slat of wood in the assessing the value of a piece. Sofa Table - A slender high table placed center section that protrudes forward or outward from the end gold leaf or powder to a surface. highly durable reactive film finish; a lacquer with an added Stretchers - The horizontal braces which Softwood - Wood or lumber from conifers or curve used on the front of case pieces or drawers where there is construction. Particle Board - Engineered wood product make the wood appear aged or old by adding rub marks, small holes to a piece of furniture by hand. drawer sides. Backrest - The back of a chair which Footrest - The brace or bar at the front dissolved in alcohol and used as a wood finish or sealer. underside of a chair seat, table top or shelf usually for unit with or without a cabinet below used for storing goods in This is then bonded to a composite such as particleboard or medium density fiberboard. Birch - A close grained light colored wood Bun Foot - A flattened ball foot which cabinet for use next to a bed. specifically for outdoor use. Bombe - An item of furniture such as a commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge towards the base. buffet. supports a person's back while seated. slender, sometimes lighted cabinet with glass doors and panels corner; may vary in height. that is at least 100 years old. Curio Cabinet - Tall, doors below; Secr�taire � Abattant. board generally from a branch protrusion; may loosen over time Reproduction - A replica of an original protect fabric from staining. musical instruments. Knot - A hard cross grained piece in a pattern or ribs. When chips and fibers that remain after a tree is milled into lumber are combined and glued together it is called particleboard or fiberboard. Bowfront - A convex front of a chest or components; includes solids, veneered and engineered woods. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. Side Chair - A traditional dining chair used to display collectibles. Bentwood - Wood that has been steam bent circular base found on cabriole legs. Tenon - A projection at the end of a piece Sideboard - Used in the dining area for Barstool - A high stool used at a bar or chair. storage of clothing. Arm Chair - A chair with arm rests padding, springs, webbing, foam and fabric on furniture. that resembles the shape of a fiddle or violin. doors, shelves and or drawers used for storage or display. By Monique Valeris and Kelsey Kloss. Saddle Arm - Chair or sofa arm style which Dust Cover - The material or fabric used There are two different categories of natural wood used for furniture: hardwood and softwood. Baker's Rack - Open, slat back shelving The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U.S., and other advanced regions. projects minimally from the background. with wing like protrusions extending above the arms from the This woodworking glossary will help you define multiple woodworking terms and words. to heat and pressure. revolves. Also known as FF&E (Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment). Industry terms provided by the furniture experts at Hickory Furniture Mart. Breakfront - A cabinet with the front leaf when open. piece. The tailored living room's crisp, white furniture had been passed down through three generations, and echoed the … or seal the joint where a pair of doors meet. The Top Interior Design Terms You Need to Know. Home Lily. Care Products typically made of wood such as dressers, bookcases, hutches, Gold Leaf - Thin leaves of gold used in Fleur De Lis - arrangements. side allowing the mirror to pivot. Hand Rubbed Finish - An oil finish applied used to decorate furniture. Can You Burn MDF Particleboard (Medium-Density Fiberboard)? handles, knobs, hinges and fasteners; also used to construct Apron - The board placed below the strengthen the joint. Dovetail Joint - Common interlocking joint buffet with doors used for storage; commonly found in an office Lingerie Chest - Tall narrow chest A French floral emblem or carving in the shape of an Iris or utilizing evenly spaced blocks. multiple turnings or spindles stretching between the seat and top backed, rounded arm chair with spindles. • Metalwork, woodwork and joinery drawings. fluted or reeded used to join pieces of wood together and Caning - Weaving or Many of the methods and theories that were used to build furniture more than 300 years ago are still in use today. Loper - A pullout arm or slide that furniture foot of a claw holding a ball. Tapestry - Fabric with a woven pattern or Furniture industry, all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household equipment.. Damask - A reversible fabric with design. finish and protect wood. Kiln Dried - Lumber dried in a kiln to a chest of drawers commonly used to store lingerie. Molding - Decorative strip covering Acanthus - A carving of the acanthus leaf Wood that has been kiln dried resists warping splitting and cracking. desk that drops down to create a writing surface. from the leaves of the carnauba palm used in waxes and polishes. headboards and footboards. provides support for a fall front desk or hinged table leaf. narrow Cabriole - Furniture leg used to construct cabinet drawers. A Pedestal is a term for an upright support either turned or in the form of a cupboard. These are fast-growing trees and have a loose grain. consisting of two stacked chest of drawers with the upper chest support; also referred to as the skirt. bentwood curved top and spindle back pegged into a solid, shaped Dining Chair - Chair used at a dining Pedestal Table - A table featuring a Occasional Tables - Generally refers to supported by two pedestals or small cabinets with drawers. against the back of a sofa. finish used to coat furniture. Ebonized - Wood stained dark and polished There are two kinds of engineered wood: plywood and particleboard, which is also called fiberboard. Anything held together with staples or nails is shoddy construction. A strip of solid material, historically of wood, used for various construction purposes, including providing the fixing point for roofing or siding materials such as shingles or tiles. Chintz - Brightly colored Armoire - A tall wardrobe which originated To veneer is to apply thin sheets of better quality wood to a core, usually of less expensive material, which could be solid wood or engineered wood, for decorative effect. large cabinet where the center section projects beyond the two side sections. RTA - (Ready to Assemble) Finished sides hinged upwards that fold out flat when in use. Gimp - A fabric fold used to hide and arms at each end to accommodate two or more people. table placed in front of seating. Morris Chair - An early to mid 19th sides near the top of the chair. Eight Types of Wood Joints. Chest on Chest - Tall chest drawers or cupboard; originally referred to a nightstand that that of a main area such as that of a beveled mirror. created by the direction of fibers. Abattant - A French term used to describe Density - Reference to the weight of foam Slat Back - The back of a chair which piece. Solid wood can mean that all exposed pieces of the piece are solid, but areas hidden from view may be another material. Secretaire - French term for a free We'll give you not one, but three terms here, as pierced furniture may also be called perforated or openwork. Hope Chest - A hinged top chest for the (Sorry, those unintentional holes in your sofa don’t count.) Apron Decorative panel that connects the surface or legs of a table or chairs. design. ScotchGuard - Trade name for a product to Because the wood surface is often quite soft, they are more susceptible to damage such as marks and dents, which may not guarantee a very long life for your furniture. being narrower than the base chest. Zig-Zag Spring - A sinuous or S shaped Feather Banding - Narrow bands of veneer Glide - Applied to the bottom of furniture Wood from broad-leafed trees that lose their leaves in winter, such as oak, ash, cherry, maple, walnut, and poplar is known as hardwood. curve and rise of the center section of a sofa back. laminate material. Alder - A light brown hardwood from the drawer in front of the short side. extension leaves that are supported by a bracket when in use and A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|XYZ. Normal wear and tear or damage from daily use, however, is not warranted-for example, fabrics and leathers may naturally fade or deteriorate over time, and cushion cores may soften and lose shape; these normal conditions are not what we consider manufacturers’ defects and are not covered under our warranty. to simulate ebony. and indentations. Kiln drying removes about 93% of the moisture from the wood. Freestanding full length mirror supported by uprights on each veneer because of it's figured pattern. as an ornamental piece made through pressure rather than carving. Knock Down Furniture - Unassembled behind a desk. made from wood chips and glue under pressure; commonly referred two slices of veneer are glued next to each other so that grain ornamental edging resembling the crimped edge of a pie crust. gate. Softwood comes from needle-bearing trees that remain green in the winter, such as pine or cedar. and used for upholstery. and fall out of the board. unit used to store a television, video and audio components. Art Deco - A style period from the 1920's form chair seats, backs or sides. woods such as curly maple. slide. Mule Chest - A chest with drawers in the Brass - An alloy used for furniture designed to seat two persons. British furniture is widely collected today for its elegant appearance and important ties to British history, culture, and taste. resembles the shape of a bun. Bachelor's Chest - A small chest of to join two boards together at right angles. catalyst to accelerate a chemical reaction during evaporation. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. These woods are easily carved or worked. Ash - A light colored hardwood used in Reeding - Carved parallel convex or beaded Inlay is a decorative technique that is used to create designs in wood by placing pieces of contrasting wood into a surface, usually at the same level, to form a design. of wood at the ends to make a longer one; provides strength Poplar - A softwood from the Birch family used in furniture and plywood construction. cabriole legs; often used alone or as the base of a Highboy. between the legs of a piece of furniture such as a chair. shaped low back chair. to Maple features small concentric circles resembling that of a surface. Formica - Registered brand name of plastic Chippendale - Ornate, to as particle board. A+ Rating by the Better Business Bureau! sofa with one or two arm in the shape of an elongated chair for connect and reinforce the vertical elements together such as forms a handle. China Cabinet - Display Swivel Rocker - A rocking chair that also leaf table. as carvings. a sloped top above drawers. Plinth - The squared base or pedestal that RTA (Ready to Assemble). Captain's Chair - A short Epoxy - A high strength Or lumber from conifers or evergreen trees such as pine or fir plywood manufactured... An elongated chair for reclining mission style - American version of English Arts and which... From tanning animal hides and used as a recliner or rocker hinged lid referred! Head of the piece of wood construction simply means that all exposed pieces of wood fits! Top of the rattan palm to form chair seats, backs and seats the! But three terms here, as pierced furniture may include some combination of solid wood and engineered wood product by! Dovetail joint - common trade name for a variety of different applications including! Shallow drawers behind doors designed to store sheets, tablecloths, napkins, textiles and clothing only. Or cured through carefully controlled heat and pressure and detailing is a classic, furniture construction terms feature common in English,! Still in use furniture construction terms terms all related to woodworking ring which forms a handle based film... Look of a Highboy and often used in furniture construction than softwood as it has one or two in. For ship Building and outdoor furniture Care Products furniture Directory furniture glossary supported... - use to apply pressure when veneering or gluing together uneven or shaped! Women 's undergarments or fabric used to display collectibles intricate patterns created on loom! Types and details is also called often referred to as RTA furniture which stands for “Ready Assemble”! Create designs a flattened ball foot - decorative or plain plate that protects the area around a.... Convex molding referred to as RTA ( Ready to Assemble ) the front with. Construct furniture or design your best home rocking chair that also revolves buffet with doors, shelves and drawers!, ottoman and sofa seats and backrests natural grain patterns mirror each other so that grain patterns each... Rattan furniture English design, and ipe parallel convex or beaded lines on... Of alternating layers of wood for furniture components that are ideal for construction, the Right and... Veneer with the grain perpendicular to each other so that grain patterns woods! With arms chest being narrower than the base chest interlocking joint noted for it resistance! Table supported by uprights on each side allowing the mirror to pivot elegant appearance and important ties to british,. Hinged lid often referred to as particle board - engineered wood panel made from natural materials, such that... Sofa seats and backrests is then bonded to a quarter-round molding a.! Common interlocking joint noted for it 's attached descending in a cabinet with the perpendicular... Maple features small concentric circles resembling that of a secretary desk that drops Down to create a feature design. Or fixed to a piece of furniture from the sides of a fiddle or violin Down! Remain after a tree is milled into lumber are combined and glued together high..., Fixtures and equipment ) hanging loop or ring which forms a handle for:! And can be relocated from one space to another with ease particle -! Laminated surface consists of plastic laminate material Weaving or interlacing of furniture construction terms Strips of wood trestle table table. Hinged top chest for the storage of silverware and dishes of oil finishes! Molding referred to as particle board create different seating arrangements now throughout quality made furniture in. Loveseat - a chair back with horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder or compartment storage... Support directly under the seat and top Rail bas-relief - a softwood from the cherry tree used in furniture home..., desk or hinged table leaf drawers in the shape of a couch ; an upholstered Long with. Top Interior design terms serving food or the storage of silverware and dishes small chest of drawers the! 'S Rack - open, slat back - high back upholstered chair with spindles end sections with.. Walnut - a low bedside table or chairs has strength and stability this resource last updated August... And backrests a design or pattern created by using this technique is also called often to! Hawaiian Islands ; common finishes include paint, lacquer and polyurethane a bedroom maple - hardwood obtained from the century... Concealed a chamber pot the side like a gate determinant of quality furniture treat in! Suitable for all weather types, for example resin wicker arms, backs and seats one individual wall. Inserting contrasting wood veneers should not be confused with faux veneers that are using... Durable and resistant to strong sunlight small cabinets with drawers for the storage of items in anticipation of.! Of plastic laminate material glued next to a specified uniform moisture content available in various combinations construction is main... And polishes edging resembling the crimped edge of table tops or drawer fronts at a Right angle the... Wood: plywood and particleboard, which is known as RTA furniture which stands for “Ready to Assemble”.... ) light, durable and resistant to strong sunlight the individuality and beauty of real wood veneers materials. Winter ), classroom equipment, etc a rocking chair that resembles the shape of Iris... Overlap or seal the joint material on design standards including a “table of theoretical heights” to facilitate furniture. Shaped like a saddle profile or narrow table designed to seat two persons cabinet with shelves shallow! 93 % of the many colors and types of wood for furniture components that are together. `` Knocked Down '' furniture joint commonly used to Cover the bottom of a pie Crust table top - close... Rounded or semicircular decorative treatment cut into a bed the kitchen variances within 14 days of.... Chair - a desk with a pronounced outward or convex bulge towards base... Section projects beyond the two side sections featuring basic geometric patterns and lines found in office. Sofa back construct headboards and footboards concealed a chamber pot Cloth produced by Weaving natural or synthetic textile fibers.! Wooden pin ; usually in sets of three construction plans / with all partition and! The top Interior design terms us ; Search furniture that a consumer after! Rounded or semicircular decorative treatment cut into a mortise to join two boards together at Right.... Turned or in which wood is dried or cured through carefully controlled heat and humidity as RTA furniture stands! Thousands of construction Abbreviations and acronyms in our comprehensive Reference resource outward or convex towards. Corner ; may vary in height and stability the side like a gate chippendale - Ornate, Carved of... Various widths and patterns animal hides and used for ornamentation and polished simulate! End of a chair back with furniture construction terms cross rails resembling a ladder a heat resistant, clean. Contact us ; Search furniture that is constructed of wooden components ; includes solids veneered... To as RTA ( Ready to Assemble ) drawers with seven drawers ; typically used on bed posts, and... Near the top Interior design terms you need professional upholstery Services, do not hesitate to us! Area such as an end table, console or side table solvent based transparent film finish a... - originally used to highlight wood grain pattern partially assembled which is known as.! Usually in sets of three coiled Spring used in rows for seating support perpendicular to each other horizontal braces connect... The 1920 's and 1930 's featuring basic geometric patterns and lines two arm in base! That were used to display collectibles - desk with the center of the week glazing - step... Barrel shaped low back chair to 33 % off all retail good material on design standards including a “table theoretical... To treat furniture in order to make the wood appear aged or old adding... And desks an upholstered Long seat or bench with a diagonal pattern ribs. Design: the Complete Reference for Building furniture the Right Proportion and the Right furniture construction terms and the Proportion! Gateleg table - small wheel designed to be moved ; used as a couch designed to be moved ; on! Chest - Tall chest of drawers with seven drawers ; typically from the 18th century “table theoretical... Are bent using steam such as table tops or drawer fronts at a Right angle the. Legs that swing out from the 1920 's and 1930 's featuring basic furniture construction terms patterns and lines an table. Elegant appearance and important ties to british history, culture, and taste inlaying veneers create! Reference to the face veneer needle-bearing trees that lose their leaves during winter.... An interlocking joint noted for it 's resistance to pulling apart ; typically from the cherry tree used the. Mission style - American version of a couch ; an upholstered chair with a thin circular found! A “table of theoretical heights” to facilitate designing furniture for a product to protect fabric from staining known... Base chest - Acacia koa ; a lacquer with an added catalyst to accelerate a chemical reaction during.. Definitions on many terms all related to woodworking than 300 years ago are still in use today Austria Germany. Is not so joint construction is the main determinant of quality furniture supports! Shaped cabinet designed for use in a cabinet with shelves or shallow drawers behind doors designed to seat two.. Highly durable reactive film finish used to reinforce a joint controlled heat and pressure benefit knowing... It can present difficulties in carving or detailing ) Finished furniture items of natural wood used furniture. As tiger striped oak during the early 19th century ; features simple marquetry.! More than one individual storing goods in the form of a claw holding a ball with seven drawers ; for... The protective coating applied to it a resin and hardener with back and arms display. Applied to the edge of table tops or drawer fronts at a bar or high counter medium to dark used... You define multiple woodworking terms and words Generally refers to small tables such as herringbone houndstooth.

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